Perennials

Perennials are plants that return year after year. Some die back to the ground with their roots remaining through the winter to send up new stems, foliage and flowers in the spring; some loose their leaves but keep their stems, along which new growth occurs in the spring; others retain their leaves all winter.

At Colonial Farm Nursery, we will always offer tried-and-true favorites like Stella d'Oro day lilies, creeping phlox, lavender and shasta daisies among many others. We also try to offer new and exciting plants for the connoisseur who is looking to add an unusual specimen to their garden, such as some of the recent introductions in the coneflower and coral bells families. All of our perennials are in 1 to 3 gallon nursery pots to assure you a large, robust plant which will bloom the first year you plant it.

Note: Perennials are listed by botanical name.
Go to perennials starting with: A B C D E G H I K L M N O P R S T V W
Because there are so many different varieties of perennials that we stock, some on a regular basis and others as they are available to us, we won't have every variety listed here all of the time. Please stop by to check out the huge selection we currently have, or give us a call if you are looking for something in particular.

'Moonshine' 'Pink Grapefruit'

 Achillea (Yarrow)
Yarrows have clusters of flat-headed flowers in various colors with soft, fern-like foliage. They are extremely easy to grow in just about any type of soil and are heat tolerant and drought hardy. The blooms attract both hummingbirds and butterflies. Achilleas make good companion plants with their ferny foliage providing a nice contrast to other larger-leafed perennials. Deadheading after the first blooming will often encourage repeat blooming. Yarrow can be cut and hung to dry in a cool dark place to use in dried flower arrangements. Plant in full sun, propagate by division in the spring, trim back dead stems after frost. Bloom times is mid to late spring in Zone 3.

  • 'Moonshine' has bright lemon-yellow blooms on grey-green foliage.18-24"
  • 'Paprika' blooms in various shades of orange.
  • 'Saucy Seduction' has deep rosy pink flower clusters with a tiny white eye. 24"
  • 'Tutti Frutti 'Pink Grapefruit' is compact and bushy with a long bloom season of lavender-pink flowers that age to a soft, creamy pink. 24"
  • 'Tutti Frutti 'Pomegranate' is a compact, bushy plant with velvety flowers in shades of dark red to violet-red. 24"
'Pomegranite'

 

 Acorus (Sweet Flag)
Sweet Flag is a clump-forming green and yellow grass that’s great for growing as a marginal plant in the pond or in a boggy area. It likes to have its crown in moist water up to 3” deep - if it dries out the tips will brown. In June, spadix-like flowers appear, followed by dark berries.

Zone: 5 Height: 6-12” Bloom Time: Summer Soil: Moist Light: Full sun to part shade

 

Aegopodium (Bishops Weed)
This very aggressively growing ground cover will quickly fill in under trees. It has delicate sprays of white flowers In the spring, but is mainly grown for its foliage. Drought tolerant. Easy to propage by digging up runners.

Zone: 3 Height: 10-15” Bloom Time: Mid to late spring Soil: Any soil Light: Part shade to full shade


'Blue Fortune'

 Agastache (Anise Hyssop)
This tall plant with finely textured foliage is great for middle or back of the border, providing late summer and fall color. The various colored sprays of flowers are magnets for hummingbirds and butterflies. Their common name, anise hyssop, comes from the distinct licorice scenat of the foliage. Agastaches are very drought and heat tolerant. Provide well drained soil and full sun to light shade. Cut back to ground after frost.

  • 'Blue Fortune' has long-blooming soft, powdery, lavender-blue flowers from July to frost. It looks great planted in a mass. 3-4'. Zone 4.
  • 'Bolero' is a new variety which features bronze tinted leaves and rosy-purple spikes. It blooms from mid-summer into fall, providing a nice pop of fall color. 18" tall in Zone 5.
  • 'Tango' (sometimes listed as 'Tangerine Tango') is a shorter variety with orange and red florets that will get 1-2' tall. Starts blooming in mid summer to frost, providing good fall color. Zone 5.
  • 'Tutti Frutti' has sweetly scented lavender pink flowers. It is a strong bloomer and, given a bit of moisture, can reach 5' tall. Zone 5.
'Tutti Fruitti'

Ajuga (Bugle Weed; Carpet Bugle)
Carpet bugle is a low growing ground cover with blue flower spikes in the spring. The attractive dark green leaves have a purple tinge. This aggressive grower will quickly spread by rhizomes. Great for growing under trees or next to wet areas. Propagate by pulling up runners along edge.

Zone: 3 Height: 6” Bloom Time: All spring Soil: Any soil Light: Full sun to full shade

 

Akebia (5-Leaf Akebia)
This fast growing vine has a fragrance reminiscent of chocolate. It bears attractive clusters of reddish purple flowers in early summer.

Zone: 4 Height: 20-30' Bloom Time: Summer Soil: Well-drained Light: Full sun

 

Alcea (Hollyhock)
Some varieties of this cottage garden favorite are short lived perennials and some are bienniels. It comes in many differnt colors as well as with double, ruffled petals. They are great lined up against a tall garden fence or as a perennial border background. Despite the fact that they are short-lived, you will enjoy them year after year as they happily re-seed themselves. Tolerates clay soils and are somewhat drought tolerant.

Zone: 2 Height: 6’ Bloom Time: Summer and fall Soil: Well-drained Light: Full sun

  • 'Charter's Double Red' are, as the name implies, dark red with multiple layers of petals.

 

Alchemilla (Lady's Mantle)
The large lobed leaves have fine hairs which each holds a tiny water droplet that glistens in the sun. Chartreuse flowers appear in late spring. May seed or can be propagated by dividing clumps in spring. Cut back in the fall.

Zone: 4 Height: 24” Bloom Time: Late spring; early summer Soil: Will tolerate moist soil Light: Part shade to full shade

 

Amsonia (Blue Star)
There are two distinct types of blue star, with the foliage being the significant difference. Both have soft blue star-shaped flowers that appear in clusters in late spring. To add drama, the foliage of this clump-forming perennial turns golden in the fall. The flowers last longer if given some afternoon shade, but this plant will have better fall leaf color and stronger stems if given lots of sun.

  • 'Blue Ice' can be grown in any moist, loamy, well-drained soil. The leaves of this Missouri native are broader than the thread-leaf variety. It is compact with dark blue flowers in late spring. 15-18" tall. Zone 4.
  • hubrichtii (Arkansas amsonia) is the species name for the thread-leaf amsonia. It has soft, powdery-blue flowers in the springand needle-like leaves. Cut back after flowering to about 6" to keep stems upright and form a nice foliage mound for fall color. 3' tal, Zone 5.

Anemone (Japanese Wind Flower)
This woodland plant provides much desired fall color between August and October, with blooms rising above clumps of foliage on wiry stems. Although there are many varieties of anemone, they are generally divided into 3 groups: the daisy-flowered with many narrow petals, the poppy-flowered with bowl-shaped blooms, and the Japanese anemones. They prefer to be planted in woody or shady spots, but will perform well in the sun if given sufficient moisture. Keep the soil evenly moist, but do let sit in poorly drained soils. Anemones can take a while to get established, but once they do, they spread rhizomes to form large colonies. To propagate, cut away a rooted section from the edge of the plant rather than lifting the entire plant.

  • 'Robustissima' (Grapeleaf anemone) has soft pink flowers that rise up to 2 feet above the dark, wooly grey-green foliage. It is very robust and is great for naturalizing. It can overwhelm other plants, so be sure to give it plenty of room. Grows 2-3' in Zone 3.
  • 'September Charm' is a Japanese anemone with pink flowers that have darker rose shading and golden yellow centers. Lovely planted in mass in a woodland setting. 3-4' tall in Zone 4.
  • 'Whirlwind' has extra large,3"-wide double-petaled blooms in brilliant white with a yellow eye. The ruffled petals are truly eye-catching and look great in flower arrangements. This Japanese anemone is semi-evergreen; you can remove the old foliage before the new leaves emerge or cut it back after it is done blooming. 3-4' tall in Zone 5.
'Black Current Ice' 'Clementine' 'Colorado Violet & White' 'Origami Pink & White'

 Aquilegia (Columbine)
An old-fashioned cottage garden plant with a long bloom perioud of about 10-12 weeks. There are many different varieties and colors, with single or double flowers and height ranges from a petite 6” to 3’ for the ‘McKana Giants.’ They are great for rock gardens, borders or naturalizing. Columbine easily self-reseeds - cut off some of the seed heads before they disperse if you want to control how many new plants pop up. Cut back after flowering/seeding to renew leaves and again in the fall after frost. Both hummingbirds and butterflies love columbine. They grow happily in full sun to mostly shade in average garden soil. Collumbine bloooms from mid to late spring.

  • 'Blackcurrent Ice' is a lovely, nodding bicolor with lavender spurs and creamy yellow corollas. Zone 3, 10"
  • 'Blue & White' has upward-facing flowers with purplish-blue spurs and white and blue bi-color corollas. 18"
  • 'Bunting' is part of the Songbird Series and has large, sky-facing flowers of blue and white that are 3" long. Zone 3, 28"
  • 'Cardinal' is one of the Songbird Series with 3" long flowers. Spurs are red and centers are red and white. Upward facing. Zone 3, 28"
  • 'Clementine' has upward facing, fully double, almost fluffy petals of dark purple. 28"
  • 'Colorado Violet & White' has large dark violet and white bicolored flowers. Zone 4, 24"
  • 'Denver Gold' appears on sturdy stalks and has large, golden yellow flowers with extra long spurs. Zone 3, 28"
  • 'Origami Pink & White'
  • 'Origami White' offers pure white flowers. 18"
  • 'Red & White' has upward-facing flowers in varying shades of red with white and rosy-red centers. 18"
  • 'Selection' is a dwarf variety with vibrant blue flowers with white spurs. Zone 4, 8"
  • 'Sunshine' has fully double, mellow yellow flowers. Zone 3, 28"
  • 'Swan Pink & Yellow' has lots of large, pastel pink flowers with soft yellow centers. Zone 4, 16-24"
  • 'Winky Blue & White' has small, dark blue spurs with white and dark blue centers. Zone 3, 18"

'Selection'


'Sunshine'


'Swan Pink & Yellow'

 

Armeria(Thrift)
TInfo

Zone: 3 Height: 3-5’ Bloom Time: Early summer Soil: Moist or wet soil okay Light: Part shade

 Artemesia (Wormwood)
The wormwoods are greyish-green foliage plants. They are good as accent plants or to fill in beds and borders. They also make attractive additions to summer containers. Both the color and texture of Artemesias provide nice contrast to other plants.

Zone: 5 Height: 1-3’ Bloom Time: Insignificant blooms Soil: Well-drained; drought tolerant Light: Full sun to part shade

  • 'Powis Castle' makes an aromatic contrast with its fern-like foliage. Great for dried flower arrangements. 3'
  • 'Silver Mound' has very delicate, feathery foliage and a mounding habit. Shear back when needed to keep the bushy growth. 1'
'Silver Mound'

Aruncus (Goat's Beard)
This plant looks a lot like an astilbe with ferny green foliage and plumes of fluffy white flowers. A North American native that is great for naturalizing, massing, or in woodland gardens, borders or rock beds. Divide in autumn.

Zone: 3 Height: 3-5’ Bloom Time: Early summer Soil: Moist or wet soil okay Light: Part shade

 Asclepias (Butterfly Weed)
As the common name suggests, this orange/golden orange summer bloomer attracts butterflies. It is late to break dormancy and requires well-drained soil. Divide clumps in the spring. Drought tolerant.

Zone: 3 Height: 18-30” Bloom Time: All summer Soil: Well-drained; drought tolerant Light: Full sun

 
'Monch' 'Wartburg Star'

Aster (Aster, Michaelmas Daisy)
The aster genus has several groups of plants. The Michaelmas daisies (A. novi-belgii) are prone to powdery mildew and benefit from being lifted every couple of years and having the outer section of the clump replanted. The New England asters (A. novae-angliae) look very similar, but have stiff harry stems with wide-spreading heads. They are very mildew resistant, a quality they share with the Italian Starwort group. Another group is simply referred to as the Miscellaneous Aster group which includes the East Indies aster (frikartii) and some of the earliest and latest blooming varieties; these are quite trouble-free. Most asters are mounding plants with growth habits and foliage similar to mums. They are good for front of the border plantings in a summy garden, attracting butterflies. Asters prefer to have a bit of moisture in their soil. Grow in part shade to full sun in any average garden soil.

  • 'Alert' (Michaelmas daisy) is a compact, mid-August to fall bloomer with dark rose flowers. More drought tolerant than many others in the species, but do provide plenty of moisture to the soil to combat powdery mildew. 12" tall in Zone 3.
  • 'Monch' (Michaelmas daisy) begins blooming in June with wonderful, dark lavender flowers. It is not reliably hardy in Zone 5 and 6A, so plant in a protected area, mulch over the winter, and don't cut back the stems until spring. 2-3' tall in Zone 5.
  • 'Purple Dome' (New England aster) has deep purple flowers which bloom in mid-August until early October. 18-24" in Zone 3.
  • 'Wartburg Star' (East Indies aster) has bluish-lavender flowers with gold eyes and blooms in May and June. It is quite compact at 12-18" in Zone 3.
  • 'Winston Churchhill' (Michaelmas daisy) blooms in late summer to fall with deep raspberry-ping flowers with bright yellow eyes. Pinch back in early spring for a more compact plant. Zone 4, 2-3'

 Astilbe (False Spirea)
Astilbes are clumping perennials in shades of white, pink, salmon and red. Great for planting along the edges of streams or other damp areas. The plume-like flowers bloom in mid summer over deeply cut foliage. Plant in humus-rich soil to maintain moisture. Divide clumps in the spring or fall.

Zone: 5 Height: 1-2’ Bloom Time: Early to mid summer Soil: Moist or wet soil okay Light: Part shade to shade


'Vision in Red'

Astrantia (Masterwort)
A cottage garden plant in various pastel shades. One inch flowers nestled in frilly bracts are great for cutting. Foliage is wiry and leaves are deeply divided. Divide clumps in spring or autumn.

Zone: 4 Height: 24” Bloom Time: Early summer Soil: Moist soil Light: Part shade

Athyrium (Fern/Lady Fern)
There are approximately 180 species of Athyrium ferns and more than 300 cultivars on the market, ranging from temperate to tropical varieties. The Greek name is derived from a (without) and thurios (shield). They have twice-cut, lacy, erect fronds that form dense, deciduous clumps. Divide clumps in the spring every few years and repostion crowns at soil level.

  • 'Japanese Painted Fern' (A. metallicum) has highly variegated green fronds that are shaded with silver and highlighted with burgundy red. The colors are more intense with some morning or light afternoon shade. This was the 2004 Perennial of the Year. 18" tall in Zone 3.
  • 'Lady in Red' is a colorful fern with mint green, lacy fronds and burgundy red stems. The red color intensifies with age. They will grow to 3' tall and do well in clay, moist or sandy soils. New fronds appear throughout the season. Spreads to 3' in 5 years. Zone 4.
Japanese Painted Fern

Baptisia (Baptisia/False Indigo)
False Indigo is a large native perennial that is extremely drought tolerant and easy to grow. It attracts butterflies and looks great against a wall or fence. The intense blue flowers are followed by dark seed pods. This was the 2010 Perennial of the Year winner.

Zone: 4 Height: 3-4' Bloom Time: June Soil: Moist Light: Part shade to full sun

Belamcanda (Blackberry Lily)
This lily-like plant sports orange spotted flowers. In the fall the pods split open to reveal a cluster of black berries, hence its common name. Protect with mulch over the winter or save seeds to reseed in spring. A lovely plant for fall and early winter interest.

Zone: 4 Height: 30” Bloom Time: Mid to late summer Soil: Any Light: Part shade to full sun

Bergenia (Pigsqueak)
Low growing ground cover which spreads slowly. The large leafs have a lovely red hue in the autumn, and generally remain green the rest of the year. It has hyacinth-like spikes of flowers of pink in the spring. The common name is derived from the sound the leaves make if rubbed together.

Zone: 3 Height: 12-20” Bloom Time: Mid to late spring Soil: Well-drained soil; sandy soil Light: Part shade to shade

'Jack Frost' variegata

Brunnera (Forget-Me-Not)
A large green-leafed plant for mid to late spring blooms of blue flowers. The newer varieties have large, variegated leaves. They grow happily in the shade under trees with a spread of up to 2 feet. Will sometimes rebloom in the fall. Plant in humus-rich soil in full or part shade. If they get too dry, the leaves will crinkle and die. Divide clumps in the fall.

  • 'Jack Frost' has extra large, frosty-silver leaves with light green veins and sprays of baby-blue flowers. Spreads up to 2'. 12-18" tall in Zone 3.
  • variegata has green leaves with a pure white edge. The delicate blue flowers appear on wiry stems.
'Blue Waterfall' 'Freya'

Campanula (Bell Flower)
There are many different varieties of campanulas. The bell-shaped flowers come in blue, white or pink and may be almost 6’ tall or a mere 6” in height. Some bloom as early as June while others bloom in September. Such variety makes it ideal to find a Campanula that will suit any gardening need, from rock beds to massing at the back of borders. Deadheading prolongs an already long blooming season. Stake taller varieties. Campanulas will tolerate somewhat moist soil and thrive in part shade to full sun. Divide clumps in spring.

  • 'Blue Chips' bell flower has deep violet-blue, upward facing flowers atop light green foliage. It gets only 8" tall, making it a good choice for the front of the border. Zone 3.
  • 'Blue Waterfall' has a low-growing habit with sprays of starry, lavender-blue flowers. Put this Campanula in a rock garden where it will form a wonderful cascading effect. 10" tall in Zone 3.
  • 'Cherry Bells' is a compact bell flower with rosettes of soft green foliage and large, dangling cherry-pink flowers with reddish spots. It will rebloom if deadheaded. 'Cherry Bells' is very floriferous and tends to spread a bit. 15" tall, Zone 4.
  • 'Dwarf Pink" is not as dwarf as its name implies, but is more compact than many other varieties at 18-24" tall. It sports abundant, star-shaped flowers of bright pink. Zone 5.
  • 'Freya' is a sturdy and compact upright Campanula with deep violet-blue star-shaped flowers. It will bloom continuously from May to July. 15" tall in Zone 3.
  • 'Sarastro' is also seen by the name 'Sarasota'. It is a tall blooming campanula with long, bell-shaped, dark purple flowers. It grows to 2' tall and benefits from staking. It is very hard to find now, so we have been unable to find a source for it at this time.
'Sarastro' 'Cherry Bells'

 Campsis (Trumpet Vine)
For attracting butterflies and hummingbirds, this fast-growing vine is ideal. Trumpet vine has tubular flowers that will bloom all summer. Support with a trellis or pole as they will reach heights of 30' in Zone 4. Plant in well-drained soil in full sun to light shade and trim back some after frost.

  • 'Flamenco' has tubular flowers in fiery red with shades of orange.
  • 'Flava' has unusual bright yellow flowers.
  • radicans is the common trumpet vine with vibrant orange flowers.
'Amethyst Dream'

Centaurea (Bachelor's Button)
Centaurias are truly interesting flowers with delicate, fringed flowers of unusual shape. They are quite suitable for cut flowers. Bachelor's Buttons attract butterflies. Plants will thrive in any ordinary garden soil in full to part sun in Zone 3.

  • 'Amethyst Dream' has solid deep purple flowers on a 20" plant. Good branching habit.
  • 'Amethyst in Snow' has pure white petals with a royal purple center. It is fast-growing, compact, and has good branching. It will get 18-24".
'Amethyst in Snow'

Centranthus (Valerian)
An undemanding plant that will tolerate moist soil as long as it does not lay wet in cooler weather. Self-sows easily and is great for massing or naturalizing. Attracts butterflies.

Zone: 4   Height: 24-36”    Bloom Time: Late spring; early summer       Soil: Well-drained    Light: Part shade

Ceratostigma (Plumbago)
Plumbago is an aggressively growing groundcover with beautiful blue flowers. It’s great for massing, in rock gardens or as erosion control. Be careful where you plant it, though, as it does spread quickly.

Zone: 6   Height: 8-16”    Bloom Time: Late summer; early fall       Soil: Well-drained; drought tolerant    Light: Part shade to full sun

 

Chelone (Turtlehead/Obedient Plant)
Turtleheads are quickly spreading perennials with pink or white flowers. The pink varieties are aggressive spreaders, so be sure to plant it in an area that you want to naturalize. If you bend the stems, the plant will stay bent, hence the name "obedient plant"; "turtlehead' refers to the shape of the snapdragon-like flower heads. Chelone will tolerate clay soils and boggy areas. Zone 5, planted in full sun to part shade.

  • 'Miss Manners' is a white turtlehead that forms slow-spreading clumps.
  • obliqua has rosy-pink flowers. It is a very vigorous grower and can become invasisve.

 

Cimicifuga (Bugs Bane)
Planted in humus-rich soil, this tall perennial is good for the back of borders or along streams or ponds. Astilbe-like foliage in either green or purple bears tall, white spikes of flowers. Divide clumps in spring or autumn.

Zone: 4   Height: 3-5’  Bloom Time: Mid to late summer       Soil: loamy; tolerates moist soil    Light: Part shade to full shade

Clematis (Clematis)
Clematis vines have large, showy flowers in many colors. Keep the roots cool by adding a layer of mulch or placing some flat stones around the base of the plant. Plant them in well-drained soil in full sun to part shade; soil that stays water-logged over the winter will kill the plant. Pruning depends on the variety, so always read the tag that accompanies the plant. See our planting and pruning tips below. Zone 4.

  • 'Barbara Jackman' has soft lavender flowers with dark red bands in the center of the petals. Group 2 pruning.
  • 'Bees Jubilee' has a 7-8 petalled flower of white to pale pink with a bright fuschia center bar and white to creamy yellow anthers. Slightly ruffled petals. Blooms May-June and again in August-September. Group 2 pruning.
  • 'Fireworks' gets 8" lavender-blue to violet-blue flowers with a deep rosy-pink center bar. The petals are slightly ruffled and curved at the tips. Blooms first on old growth in May-June then again on new growth in late summer. Group 2 pruning. Fertilize well in the spring.
  • 'Gypsy Queen' has huge 7" flowers that start out a deep red and fade to violet. It blooms from July to September and will frequently have a smaller flush of flowers in early fall. Generally trimmed as Group 3, but can be pruned as a Group 2.
  • 'Henryi' gets extra large, 6-8" white flowers with brown anthers. It has a long bloom period from early to late summer. Group 2 pruning.
  • 'H.F. Young' blooms with large, 6-8" soft lavender-blue flowers with creamy white anthers. Pruning Group 2.
  • 'Jacmanii' is an extemely popular clematis with profusely blooming 4-6" purple flowers during the early summer. Generally trimmed as Group 3, but can be pruned as a Group 2.
  • 'Pink Champagne' has violet-red to deep pink flowers with a paler pinkish center bar and large, creamy-yellow anthers. The first flush of flowers appears in May-June, and the second in July-September. Group 2 pruning.
  • 'Pink Fantasy' has soft pink flowers with a darker pink center bar. This compact grower, at only 6-8 feet, is good for containers or around mailboxes. It flowers on new growth so prune as in Group 3.
  • 'Sweet Autumn' is an exception to the large-flowering type; it is covered with billowing masses of small, extremely fragrant flowers in the fall. Group 3 pruning.
  • 'Warsaw Nike' blooms in June and July and again in September and October with deep red-violet flowers that can get up to 6" across. They have long, golden yellow anthers for a nice contrast. Group 2 pruning.

Pruning Clematis: Clematis are split into three distinct groups based on their flowering time and the age of the flowering wood (old growth or new growth). For newly planted clematis, regardless of their pruning group, you should cut back hard the first spring after planting to just above a strong pair of leaf buds. This encourages both a strong root system to develop and multiple stems for a bushy plant. Once established, prune based upon the group the clematis falls in.

Group 1: Clematis in this group bloom on old wood (the previous year's growth). In late winter or early spring, prune out dead or winter damaged shoots to a pair of healthy buds. Otherwise, the only pruning they require is to keep them renovated. To renovate, cut all stems back to 1-2' above the ground, just after flowering. Do not do this more than every 3-4 years.

Group 2: The goal is to maintain a framework of old wood for the first flush of flowers in the spring, while encouraging new growth for the second. The first flowering usually produces more, larger, and sometimes double flowers. To achieve this, you do not want to prune it too heavily as this can result in loss of flowers. In late winter, first remove dead and weak shoots. Then, starting at the top of each stem, follow it down to a pair of large, healthy buds and prune just above them. Too much heavy pruning will result in loss of flowers. After this first blooming, prune back some of the stems by cutting to large buds or strong side shoots immediately below where the blooms were. Every 2-4 years, consider rejuvinating this group by cutting back harder after the first flush of blooms. You might lose the second flush of flowers, but the plant will be bushier and hardier the next year!

Group 3: This group blooms on new growth and should be cut back hard every year. Do this by cutting the vine back in late winter or early spring when buds are just beginning to swell. Prune back all the old stems to about 1' above the soil.

'Bees Jubilee' 'Jackmanii' 'Pink Champagne'

 

Chrysanthemum (Mum)
Chrysanthemums are typically sold in the autumn when they are just beginning to bloom. For a complete list of the mums we offer in the fall, see our Mums and Autumn page. We occasionally have other varities, listed below, that are in stock during the spring and summer season.

  • 'Mammoth Yellow Quill' is a hardy mum with sunny yellow, spoon-shaped petals. It takes several years for the plant to reach its mature height of 2-3' tall. It's really easy to care for as it needs no pruning or deadheading. Plant in full sun and you will be rewarded with blooms from late summer into fall in Zone 3.

Convallaria (Lily of the Valley)
Lily of the Valley is an sweetly fragrant ground cover that blooms in spring and spreads quickly by rhizomes. Wonderful for under trees, but be careful where you plant because it can be invasive. Thin crowded clumps in the fall.

Zone: 3   Height: 6-12”    Bloom Time: Spring       Soil: Any   Light: Full shade to part shade

 
'Early Sunrise'

 


'Moonbeam'

 Coreopsis (Tick Weed)
In shades of yellow, pink, apricot or gold, tickweed is a free-flowering cottage garden favorite. Some varieties (like ‘Limerock Ruby’) have not proven to be as hardy in zone 6 as were previously labeled by developers. Our goal is to sell you only those varieties that are hardy in our zone, so you may not see many varieties at our nursery that you read about. Divide clumps in spring or autumn. All coreopsis prefer to be planted in full sun to light shade and will bloom from June to October in well-drained soil. Avoid wet soils.

  • 'American Dream' is a delicate thread-leaf variety of tickweed with bright pink flowers which have yellow eyes. This is a prolific bloomer, reaching 18" in Zone 4.
  • 'Early Sunrise' has bright yellow, semi-double flowers beginning in late spring. Remove spent flowers to encourage more blooms. This is a short-lived perennial, but grows true from seed so allow some blooms to go to seed in the fall. 18" in Zone 3.
  • 'Heaven's Gate' is a vigorous grower with large pink flowers with a deep crimson eye and yellow center. It blooms throughout the summer. Plant is a somewhat protected area as this one is a Zone 5 plant. Grows to 16" tall.
  • 'Moonbeam' has delicate, needle-like foliage with sunny, lemon-yellow flowers that bloom prolifically. This makes a great plant for a children's garden because the more they pick, the more blooms you will get. It was the 1992 Perennial of the Year. 18" tall in Zone 3.
  • 'Red Shift' has creamy yellow flowers with rich, wine-red highlights. The red color intensifies in cooler weather both in the spring and fall. It forms large clumps with excellent branching. 3' tall in Zone 4.
  • 'Rising Sun' is an early bloomer with double-petalled, bright yellow flowers that have a red spot in the center. This plant benefits from a shearing after the first blooming fades. 18-24" tall in Zone 3.
  • 'Sienna Sunset' has a long bloom time of terra cotta colored flowers that lighten to orange and gold as they age. This is a thread-leaf coreopsis that reaches 20" tall. Plant in a protected area as it is a Zone 5 plant.
  • 'Zagreb' has fern-like foliage on a compact and upright plant. The golden-yellow flowers are star-shaped and appear all summer long. This is a very hardy coreopsis. 15" tall in Zone 3.

Delosperma (Ice Plant)
This flowering groundcover is great for rock gardens. The succulent-like leaves remain attractive throughout cooler weather. It is very easy to propagate simply by breaking off pieces of plant and replanting in good well-drained soil. It prefers dry conditions in the full sun. Zone 5.

  • cooperii has lovely puple flowers and will bloom from spring until frost. It gets only 3" tall.
  • 'Fire Spinner' is a new introduction with truly eye-catching flowers of shocking pink and orange flowers with pale pink to white centers and yellow eyes. The apple-green leaves remain throughout winter. 3" tall.
  • 'Stardust' is a vigorous grower with lavender-blue flowers that have a white center and soft yellow eyes. Grow over walls or in rock gardens. 6" tall.
cooperii

Delphinium (Delphinium)
Delphiniums are a wonderful addition to the herbaceous, cottage garden border. Stake taller plants or pinch back stems to make them bushier and shorter. This is a short-lived perennial which will reseed or you can sow seeds indoors in March and plant out in May. They are heavy feeders and like humus rich, alkaline soils. Delphiniums bloom in early to mid-summer in Zone 5.

  • 'Dark Blue' has deep, velvety, violet-blue spikes of flowers that attract butterflies. 3-5' tall.
  • 'Sky Blue' opens with spikes of almost true blue flowers with darker centers. 3-5' tall.
'Chili' Dianthus 'Fire Witch' 'Raspberry Surprise'

Dianthus (Pinks/Carnations)
There are many varieties of dianthus, including tender florist types and short-lived perennial types that are typically sold as annuals. Perennial dianthus, or pinks, form neat mounds or slow-spreading clumps. Plant them in well-drained, somewhat alkaline soil in full sun to very light shade. Avoid soils that don't drain well as sitting too wet will kill the plant. They are long blooming, from May to July, often with smaller flushes of flowers throughout the summer. They also attract butterflies. Propagate by cuttings or division.

  • 'Black Cherry Wild' has double, deep red flowers with delicate white picotee edges. 12" tall in Zone 5.
  • 'Candy Floss' is part of the First Scent series of highly fragrant dianthus. It has double, soft pink blooms with reddish purple accents and bluish-green spikey foliage. 12" tall in Zone 5.
  • 'Chili' begins blooming as early as Aprilwith double, fragrant, dark coral flowers. 'Chili' is part of the Early Bird series. It gets only 7" tall. It is a Zone 6 plant, so plant in a protected area.
  • 'Coconut Surprise' has bright white blooms with burgundy accents on blue-green foliage. Very fragrant at 8" tall in Zone 5.
  • 'Cranberry Ice' has large 2" flowers of patterned light and dark pink. 12" tall in Zone 5.
  • 'Fire Witch' has a very tidy clump of grey-green grass-like foliage above which blooms fringed, magenta-pink flowers. It is quite fragrant, getting 12" tall in Zone 3. 'Fire Witch' was the 2006 Perennial of the Year.
  • 'Heart's Desire' is a newer variety hybrid of soft speckled pink with bright red centers and edges. Great for the front of the border or rock gardens as it gets only 8" tall in Zone 4.
  • 'Passion' is a lovely deep red with a sweet scent. The appearance is much like a florist's carnation. Grows to 12" in Zone 5.
  • 'Raspberry Surprise' is a double petalled dianthus of fragrant, pink blossoms with a burgundy-red center. 10" tall, Zone 4.
  • 'Raspberry Swirl' has gorgeous flowers that start out a soft pink with ruby-red edges and centers that fade to white while the edgese darkent to deep magenta. Only 7" tall in Zone 6. Given its zone rating, plant 'Raspberry Swirl' in a protected area.
  • 'Tiny Rubies' gets only 4" tall, but is covered with very fragrant, double rose-pink flowers. Forms a neat clump of grass-like foliage. Zone 3.
  • 'Zing Rose' is nice planted along the edge of a wall where it will cascade over the side with dark green foliage and rose-red flowers. 8" tall in Zone 3.


'Aurora'


'Bacchanal'

Dicentra (Bleeding Heart)
(Note: see also Lamprocapnos as the old-fashioned variety with locket-shaped blooms on arching branches has been reclassified.)
The new classification of Dicentra now includes only the Califronian native formosa and the Appalachian native exima. These are commonl known as the fern leaf varieties, so named for their soft, fern-like appearance. These are great for woody, shady areas or in areas that full sun! While the flowers are not quite as showy as their cousin Lamprocapnos, they will continue to bloom from spring throughout the summer and into fall. Zone 3.

  • 'Aurora' is a formosa with white flowers throughout the summer and fall. 15" tall.
  • 'Bacchanal' is part of the family which is native to California. This formosa bleeding heart gets dark rosy red flowers which blooms profusely in the spring. It is followed by smaller flushes throughout the summer with a final burst of blooms in the fall.12" tall.
  • exima is an extremely drought tolerant plant of pale pink, tubular flowers that will get 12" tall.
  • 'Luxuriant' (a formosa) is excellent for naturallizing in woodland areas. It is very heat tolerant and gets cherry-pink flowers that bloom most of the summer. 12" tall.
'Luxuriant'

Digitalis (Foxglove)
Most varieties of foxglove are bienniel, but there are several short-lived perennial varieties now on the market. They have spikes of bell-shaped flowers with mottled throats. Digitalis is poisonous so watch children and pets carefully. Grow in humus-rich soil in part shade.

  • 'Strawberry' is a short-lived perennial that will reseed. The blooms range from shades of pale to dark pinks. 3-5' in Zone 4.

 
'Brilliance'

Dryopteris (Fern/Wood Fern/Autumn Fern)
Wood ferns have tall, erect ferns with deeply divided leaflets. They prefer to have humus rich, slightly moist soil that is neutral to acidic. They are, however, quite drought tolerant. Grow these in areas that get shade to part sun, such as woodland gardens or under trees.

  • 'Brilliance' is an autumn fern which emerges with bright, copper-red fronds, taking on the same colors again in the fall. More sun will intensify the color. 2' tall, Zone 5.
  • 'Cristata' has divided and crested fern tips at the end of the arching, shiny green fronds. The leaflets are split giving it a frilly, ruffled appearance. It will tolerate some sun. 3' tall in Zone 3.
  • 'Japanese Shield' ferns have richly colored fronds which turn from copper-pink and brown to deep green. These evergreen ferns are slow spreading. 2' in Zone 5.
'Coconut Lime' 'Magnus' 'Marmalade'

Echinacea (Cone Flower)
This easy to grow garden staple now comes in many different shades. Most gardeners recognize the purple and white varieties, and recent introductions of oranges, reds, yellows and magentas as well as unusual ruffled and double-petaled blooms keep coneflower enthusiasts happy. The newer varieties, still under patent royalties, usually have a significantly higher price tag than the old varieties. The daisy-like flowers attract butterflies and hummingbirds while in bloom and the seed pods provide food for birds in the fall. Plant in full sun to light shade in average, well-drained garden soil. They bloom from mid-summer to frost in Zone 4.

  • 'After Midnight' is a dwarf variety with dark magenta-purple flowers on black stems with reddish-black cones. This is a good cut flower from the Big Sky series. 2' tall.
  • 'Coconut Lime' is a great double white with green-tinted center petals. Blooms in mid to late summer with long lasting blooms that are good for cut flowers. 2' tall.
  • 'Desire' is part of the "Secret" series and is a pink and orange double.
  • 'Green Envy' is a new introduction and quite unique. It has soft green petals with magenta accents around a dark center cone. The colors become more intense as the bloom matures. 3' tall.
  • 'Magnus' is an old favorite in cottage gardens with its large, daisy-like blooms of purple to rosy-pink. 2-3' tall.
  • 'Marmalade' is a pom-pom coneflower sporting large, double tufted flowers in shades of orange, often with pink and yellow overtones. 2-3' tall.
  • 'Passion' is another of the "Secret" series with double raspberry pink flowers.
  • 'Pow Wow Wild Berry' has 4" dark magenta petals with reddish-brown cones. Its branching habit keeps it bloooming without deadheading. This plant is a 2010 All-American Selection choosen for its color retention and profuse blooming. 2' tall.
  • 'Prairie Splendor Deep Rose' has large 4-6" flowers of pink with dark gold cones. This is a great flower for your cutting garden. 2' tall.
  • 'Romance' is part of the "Secret" series with soft salmon-pink double flowers.
  • 'Ruby Star' was developed in Germany as an improved variety of 'Magnus' with more uniformly sized plants and more flowers. 3' tall with large golden-brown cones.
  • 'Sundown' is part of the Big Sky series and produces orange-red flowers with a brown cone. This is a vigorous plant with tall, strong stems, making it a good cut flower. 3' tall.
  • 'Sunrise' has large, creamy yellow flowers with white shadings and large gold cones. The flowers gradually fade to a more cream color. It is quite fragrant and is part of the new Big Sky series. 2-3' tall.
  • 'Twilight' has vibrant rose-red petals with a large burgundy-red cone. The blooms have a fragrance similar to a rose. Part of the Big Sky series, it reaches 2-3' tall.
  • 'White Swan' featurese recurved petals of white and large, dark cones. 2-3' tall.
'Romance' 'Prairie Splendor Deep Rose' 'Sunrise' 'White Swan'

Echium (Red Feathers)
Red feathers is a clumping plant with 6" foliage that gets dark red flowers on flowers up to 14' tall. It will bloom in the spring into fall if kept deadheaded. Consider it a short lived perennial that will reseed if the last blooms are allowed to mature to seed heads. Plant in well-drained soil in full sun. 12" tall in Zone 3.

Eryngium (Sea Holly)
Truly an unusual plant with thistle-like leaves and spiny blooms. It stays in flower for about 3 months and the seed pods are good for winter interest or in fresh/dried flower arrangements. It does not like to be divided. Plant in full sun for the deepest blue tones. Zone 3.

  • 'Blue Glitter' has an abundance of flowers in rich, steel-blue set on dark stems. The petals are shorter on this sea holly, but it has large cones. 2-3' tall.
  • 'Blue Star' grows 2-3' tall and has large lavender-blue flowers that resemble fireworks.
'Blue Star'

Euphorbia (Spurge)
There are many varieties of euphorbia. They spreads by both runners and seeds so be careful where you plant as they will pop up easily. All parts of Euphorbia are poisonous if ingested. Plant in full sun to part shade in average garden soil.

  • 'Bonfire' has a great color combination: chartreuse flowers it atop mahogany-purple foliage to form a neat mound. Cut back in late summer to renew. 18" tall in Zone 4.
'Burgundy Silk' 'Goblin'

Gaillardia (Blanket Flower)
These brightly colored daisy-like flowers make a welcome addition to any border or bed. They thrive in hot, dry weather, bloom all summer and make excellent cut flowers. Divide clumps about every 3 years and they will provide a colorful and carefree addition to your sunny perennial garden. Provide little to no fertilizer as they thrive in poor soil. Zone 4.

  • 'Arizona Red Shades' flowers in a stunning brick red with touches of gold on the tips of the petals and dark centers. Very floriferous, 12" tall.
  • 'Burgandy Silk' has very uniform and consistent blooms of deep red with burgundy centers that have a yellow eye. 20" tall.
  • 'Goblin' has deep red flowers with a yellow edge. This are very attractive in a sunny perennial garden and make great cut flowers. 12" tall.
  • 'Mesa Yellow' is an excellent, free flowering plant with bright sunny yellow flowers and centers of the same color. 16-18" tall.
  • 'Oranges & Lemons' is part of the Gallo series and produces huge flowers on compact plants. The petals are peachy-orange with yellow tips. The center is a large gold eye with a darker orange corona. 10" tall.
  • 'Peach' is part of the Gallo series and has large, peachy-yellow flowers with yellow tips and a vibrant golden-yellow cone. A petite 10" tall.
  • 'Sunburst Tangerine' has cheerful lemon yellow blooms with a tangerine colored center. The petals are almost double on the large-flowered variety. 14" tall.
'Peach' 'Sunburst Tangerine'

'Biokovo'


'Orion'

Geranium (Cranesbill)

Don’t confuse this hardy perennial with the annual geranium. Cranesbill is a mounding or spreading flower that comes in many varieties of colors and growth habits. The foliage of crane's bill is semi-evergreen and usually displays multi-hues of red, bronze and orange in the fall. Cut back the foliage to the ground during the winter. The common name refers to the beak-like seed capsule of some varieties. After blooming, they have a tendency to sprawl so you can cut them back, even to a few inches above the soil line, and they will get a fresh growth of foliage and possibly some more flowers. Grow in sun to part shade in well-drained soil, being sure to avoid soil that is waterlogged.

  • 'Biokovo' has white to soft pink flowers and is great used as a ground cover. The fragrant foliage turns a nice red in the fall. Blooms June-July to 12" tall in Zone 4.
  • 'Hocus Pocus' is a compact form with deeply cut, bronze-purple leaves. It gets clusters of lavender-purple flowers in early summer. Trim back to about 4" after flowering to rejuvenate the foliage.
  • 'Karmina' is a spreading, ground hugging cranesbill with lavender-pink flowers in the early summer. Fragrant foliage and multi-hued fall foliage. 6-8", sun to part shade, Zone 3.
  • 'Orion' is an European seedling of 'Brookside' and has large purple flowers with darker veining. Long bloom time covers early to late summer. Plant in sun to part shade. 18" tall, Zone 4.
  • 'Rozanne' has large 2" violet-blue flowers with a white center. Leaves are a slightly mottled dark green turning red for fall. This was the 2008 Perennial of the Year.
  • 'Wargrave Pink' blooms in late spring through early summer with veined flowers of pinkish purple. Slightly glossy foliage. To 18" tall in Zone 3.
'Rozanne' 'Wargrave Pink'
'Lady Strathem'

Geum (Avens)

Geums have bright, bowl-shaped blooms that appear on wiry stems in late spring. They have a long bloom time and will thrive if some organic matter is added to the soil. The lobed leaves can be slightly hairy. Divide clumps in spring or fall. Plant in full sun to light shade. Zone 5.

  • 'Lady Strathem' gets yellow, double-ruffled blooms that resemble small roses. Long bloom season from May to July. 2'
  • 'Mrs. Bradshaw' has scarlet, semi-double flowers that look somewhat like small roses and green, fuzzy foliage. It has a long bloom season from May to July. 3'.

 Gypsophila (Baby's Breath)
This flower arranger’s staple can provide the same function in the garden. The soft, fluffy texture is a great contrast to larger, brighter companions like roses. Baby’s breath does not like to be divided. Plant in well-drained, non-acidic soil in the full sun.

  • 'Filou White' has a trailing habit with tiny white flowers from spring through the whole summer. Great for rock gardens or for tumbling over a wall. 6" tall, Zone 3.
  • 'Pink Baby' is a trailing variety of baby's breath with delicate pale pink flowers in May and June. Deadhead for a likely rebloom of flowers in the fall.18" tall in Zone 3.

Hakonechloa (Japanese Forest Grass)
This shade loving grass looks like a glowing waterfall in your shade garden. It is great for cascading over walls. Grows as slow-spreading clump, not a runner. Water frequently until well-established and during drought conditons. Prefers rich, moisture retentive soil and full shade to dappled sun. 12" tall in Zone 4.

  • Aureola has variegated green and yellow leaves. It was the 2009 Perennial of the Year.

 

 
Hedera (Ivy)
The common English ivy is used as a groundcrover or climbing plant. It grows easily in most types of soil and sun or shade conditions. This is a plant suitable for covering large areas of ground, such as banks, were other plants struggle to survive. Caution should be used when planting near homes or trees. The clinging rootlets can damage brick, morter and wood; trees and other plants can be strangled by overgrowth. All parts of this plant are poisonous if ingested, and handling the plant can cause skin irritation in some people. Zone 5.

 Helenium (Sneezewort)
This North American native provides late summer color in the border or meadow garden. Plant in full sun in well-drained soil. Drought tolerant. Mulch for the winter and divide clumps in spring or fall.

  • 'Red' has large, 3' double yellow flowers. 3' tall, Zone 5.

Heliopsis (False Sunflower)
Like Helenium, this North American native provides late summer color in the border or meadow garden. Bushy and compact, they are wonderful for cut flowers. Plant in full sun in well-drained soil. Drought tolerant. Divide clumps in spring or fall.

  • 'Summer Sun' has large, 3' double yellow flowers. 3' tall, Zone 3.

 
Helleborus

Helleborus (Lenten Rose)
The large, deeply lobed leaves persist throughout the year, with blooms appearing in late winter through spring. In the spring, clean out any dead and older leaves. The Lenten Rose is excellent for woodland gardens and shady areas. Once established, it does not like to be disturbed. All parts are poisonous. The species was awarded the 2005 Perennial of the Year. Plant in full to part shade in well-drained, humus rich soil. 14" tall in Zone 4.

  • 'Blue Lady' has dark blue, almost black flowers.
  • 'Pine Knot Series' is a colorful strain developed by Pine Knot Farms in Clarksville Virginia. Flower colors include white, pink, apricot, burgundy, pale green and pale yellow, sometimes with contrasting speckles, halos or centers.
  • 'Red Lady' has rich, dark red flowers with maroon shading at the base of the petals.
  • 'Royal Heritage' is a colorful strain in shades of white, pink, red, maroon and almost black, sometimes with contrasting speckles, halos or centers.


'Big Smile'

 


'Happy Returns'

 


'Kwanso'

 Hemerocallis (Day Lily)
From the common tiger lily that blooms along the side of the road to the new reblooming varieties, lilies are a vibrant and easy to grow addition to any garden. The blooms, lasting only a day, come in a rainbow of colors and mixed hues in trumpet shaped flowers with single, double or ruffled petals. They attract butterflies and hummingbirds. Readily adaptable to most soils, the strappy leaves and seemingly endless color choices make Hemerocallis a great choice. Many of the newest varieties are still under patent and command a higher price than older, patentless varieties. Plant in full sun to part shade. Trim back to ground after frost.

  • 'Big Smile' is a bicolor lily of soft yellow with a blush pink picoteed edge. Middle of the border or in containers. Cut back to 6" after blooming for better foliage and to encourage repeat blooming. 24" tall, Zone 3.
  • 'Fragrant Returns' is a sweetly fragrant version of 'Happy Returns' with lemon yellow, slightly ruffled blooms. Heavy bloomer with repeat blooming. 18" in Zone 3.
  • 'Happy Returns' has sunny yellow flowers that are slightly ruffled and somewhat fragrant. 18" tall, Zone 3. 40" tall, Zone 3.
  • 'Hyperion' is an old-time favorite with large 6", bright canary yellow blooms in July and August. Makes a great cut flower.
  • 'Kwanso' is an old-fashioned heirloom daylily with double petals of vibrant orange and red. 40" tall, Zone 3.
  • Night Beacon' is a reblooming day lily with dark purple petals that have a chartreuse throat. Planting in an area with some shade makes the colors more intense; planted in full sun encourages more flowers. 24-36" tall, Zone 5.
  • 'Pardon Me' is a fast-growing and prolific reblooomer with sun-fast, deep red flowers with a yellow throat. 18" tall, Zone 3.
  • 'Purple d'Oro' has fragrant, ruffled purple flowers with a yellow throat and lighter purple ribs. Perfect choice for front of the border or in a container. 18" tall, Zone 3.
  • 'Stella d'Oro' is the best of the reblooming lilies with golden yellow flowers. Makes a nice addition to a summer container. Nice, full clumps at 18" tall. Zone 3.
  • 'Strawberry Candy' is strawberry pink with a rosy red eye and golden throat. Blooms from June through July and again in August. 24", Zone 4.


'Pardon Me'

'Purple d'Oro' 'Stella d'Oro' 'Strawberry Candy'
'Berry Smoothie' 'Caramel' 'Citronelle'

Heuchera (Coral Bells)
There is now a wonderful variety of Heuchera on the market. These evergreen to semi-evergreen plants have stalks of white or pink flowers which attract hummingbirds. After blooming, remove the flowers stalks. Coral bells distinguishing feature, however, are their lobed, veined foliage. Although the plants will be more vibrant with some sun, avoid direct, hot afternoon sun as it can scorch the leaves. Some varieties reseed fairly easily or they can be divided in the spring or fall. Cut back spent blooms and old leaves in the fall. The newer varieties, with many being introduced every year, have higher price tags than older varieties because they are still receiving patent royalties.

  • 'Berry Smoothie' begins the season with rosy-pink leaves that mature to a darker, purple-pink. Soft pink flower scapes appear in early summer. 18" tall in Zone 4.
  • 'Caramel' has golden-orange leaves that turn a bit more apricot in warmer weather. The leaves have a slightly frosted look. Petite at only 8" with creamy white flowers. Zone3.
  • 'Citronelle' has bright lemon-yellow to chartreuse foliage that gets 12" tall. Creamy flowers in mid-summer. This is an excellent choice for adding a spot of bright color in a shade garden. Zone 4.
  • 'Encore' has deep rose-purple leaves with hints of silver and reddish-purple undersides. As leaves mature, they turn a lighter rose with more silver and darker purple veins. Good heat and sun tolerance. Creamy flowers over 12" foliage, Zone 4.
  • 'Firefly' has rounded green leaves and tall spikes of scarlet red flowers in the late spring. Foliage height to 10" in Zone 3.
  • 'Frosted Violet' has violet-purple leaves that fade to deep plum with darker veining. The fine hairs catch the light, giving it a frosted appearance. Soft pink flowers over 18" foliage. Zone 4.
  • 'Georgia Peach' has large leaves up to 8" across that change color throughout the season form bright peachy-orange in the spring to rose in the summer and rosy-purple with a silver cast in the fall. 14" tall foliage with spikes of creamy white flowers. Zone 4.
  • 'Green Spice' has broad green leave with silver tones, darker green edges and dark red veins. Colors are more intense in cooler weather. Creamy white flowers on 10" foliage in Zone 3.
  • 'Palace Purple' has large, purple-bronze, maple leaf shaped leaves with spikes of white flowers on purple stems. Foliage reaches 10" tall in Zone 3. This excellent plant was the 1991 Perennial of the Year.
  • 'Pinot Gris' starts with leaves in a ginger shade covered with a silvery sheen. They mature to a dusky rose with dark purple undersides.
  • 'Splendens' has spikes of dark red flowers on green foliage with light veining. 18" tall foliage, Zone 4.
  • 'Stormy Seas' gets pinkish flowers in the late spring over ruffled purple leaves that have shades of silver, lavender, pewter and charcoal grey throughout. 18" tall, Zone 4.
'Georgia Peach' 'Green Spice' 'Pinot Gris'

Heucherella (Foamy Bells)
Heucherellas are a sterile cross between Heuchera and Tiarella, with evergreen foliage. They bloom in mid spring and prefer well-drained soil and mostly shade with dappled sunlight. Grown in full shade is okay, but the growth rate is slower. Too much sun will scorch the leaves.

  • 'Golden Zebra' has bright golden leaves with dark burgundy centers. It makes a great ground cover or front edging plant. Small white flowers appear in the spring, but grow this for the gorgeous foliage. 10" foliage in Zone 4.

 Hibiscus (Rose Mallow)
Like its tropical cousin, Hibiscus has hugely showy flowers, sometimes up to 10” across. It is gorgeous as a specimen plant, but benefits from a spring bloomer planted at its feet as it is extremely late to break dormancy in the spring. Hibiscus begin blooming in late summer.

  • 'Disco Belle'
  • 'Lady Baltimore'
  • 'Lord Baltimore' is a ruffled, crimson red. 5-6' tall, Zone 5.

Soil: Loamy; will tolerate moist soil Light: Full sun to light shade

'Lord Baltimore'

Aurea mediovariegata


'Blue Flame'


'Brim Cup'


'Dream Queen'


'Drinking Gourd'

Hosta (Plaintain Lily)
Hostas are grown mainly for their foliage, although they do have a fragrant flower spike with tubular blooms that attract hummingbirds. Among leaf colors are solid greens in hues from yellowish-green to apple green to forest green to greens that are essentially blue. There are as well hundreds of variegated colors with mixes of white, yellow and green and sizes from a miniscule 6”x6” to massive 30”x30” varieties which make excellent specimen plants. Leaves can be long and pointed, round, wavy, curly or puckered. Entire gardens can be designed around a variety of hostas or they are equally at home grouped with companion plants. Grow in moist soil in part to full shade. Too much afternoon sun will scorch leaves or result in small, spindly specimens. Cut back dead foliage in the spring. The clumps of these fast growers can be divided in the spring. Deer love to eat hostas, so plant in a area they cannot get to, or use appropriate deer control methods. Slugs can also be a problem. There are many slug remedies on the market, such as diotomaceous earth, or you can try the old-fashioned methods like placing a board close by for the slugs to crawl under where you can catch them in the early morning. As well, some folks swear by the "dish of beer" method of catching them. Zone 3.

  • 'Abiqua Drinking Gourd' has dark blue-green leaves that are highly puckered and curled into a cup shape that can be 3" deep. This hosta received both the Best Green Hosta Award and the Lucille Simpers Award in 1996. 18" tall.
  • aurea marginata has green leaves with a white margin. Lavender flowers, 15" tall.
  • aurea mediovariegata has bright green, slightly twisted and wavy leaves with a white center. Lavender flowers, 15".
  • 'Blue Cadet' forms a compact, dense cluster of blue-green leaves that are slightly pointed. Some leaves with show truer green bars in their centers. 15" tall.
  • 'Blue Flame' has heart-shaped, blue-green leaves with a creamy white or yellow margin. 16" tall.
  • 'Brim Cup' gets a lovely, creamy yellow, heart-shaped leaf with a dark green center. 16" tall.
  • 'Dream Queen' sports large, nearly round leaves of bluish-green with a narrow, creamy white and yellow center. 28" tall.
  • 'Fire and Ice' is a reverse sport of 'Patriot' with small leaves of white with dark green edging. The leaves are slightly twisted. A petite 10" tall.
  • 'First Frost' is a blue leafed hosta with bright yellow margins and lasts well to the first frost. At 28" tall, this is a fairly large specimen.
  • 'Guacamole' gets glossy, apple green leaves that are streaked with dark green margins. More sun with turn the bright green to gold. The Hosta Growers' Association named this the Hosta of the Year 2000. Grows to 22" tall.
  • 'Mediovariegata' has bright green, slightly twisted and wavy leaves with a white center. 18" tall.
  • 'Night Before Christmas' has nicely veined white centers and emerald green margins. The leaves are slightly twisted.
  • 'Olive Bailey Langdon' is a large hosta at 2 1/2' tall. It has large, blue leaves with wide, bright green edges. The leaves are lightly cupped, deeply corrugated and have somewhat wavy margins.
  • 'Patriot' is a dark green hosta with white-edged, slightly twisted leaves. 10" tall.
  • 'Whirlwind' is a classic hosta with upright twisting leaves. The dark green margins surround a multi-colored light center that has dark green veins. 16" tall.


'Fire and Ice'


'Guacamole'


'Olive Bailey Langdon'


'Whirlwind'

Hydrangea (Climbing Hydrangea)
A slow vine with dark green foliage and clusters of fragrant white flowers in early to mid-summer. The bark of mature plants has an attractive peeling quality in the winter. This shade tolerant vine is often seen growing on old manors in England. Grows to 20' as a clinging vine in Zone 4.

 

Hypericum (St Johnswort) St. Johnswort is an adaptable ground cover with sunny yellow flowers that is equally at home in the sun as in the shade, and is perfectly happy in any ordinary garden soil. Great for massing and erosion control. Spreads quickly. Blooms all summer long

 

Iberis (Candytuft)
A lovely spring bloomer, Candytuft sports clusters of small flowers on a spreading mat of dark green foliage. This is a great plant for the front of a border, along walkways or under trees. Plant in part shade to full sun in average garden soil. It will tolerate lighty moist soil. This is a good deer resistant plant.

  • 'Purity' and 'Snow White' bloom in pure white.
  • 'Sweetheart' is a pink blooming variety whose flowers mature to a brilliant lilac.

'Anaconda Love'


'Avalon Sunset'

Iris germanica and Iris pumila (Flag)
The bearded or German irises bloom in late spring. They prefer dry soil and do not like their rhizomes to be planted too deeply. Plant the rhizomes so a portion of it is laying at the soil surface, and avoid thick layers of mulch. It is also important to divide the rhizomes every few years as they will stop blooming if they become crowded. Avoid over fertilizing as bearded iris perform better in poorer soil. There are now many reblooming varieties that will give you a few blooms in the fall. Irises make nice deer resistant additions to the garden. 3' tall in Zone 3, planted in full sun to light shade.

  • 'Anaconda Love' has two-toned standards of lavender and pink with red-violet falls that are speckled with white.
  • 'Armagedon' has light lavender-pink standards and dark plum-purple falls rimmed with a light lavendar-pink ruffled edges.
  • 'Avalon Sunset' is a vibrant orange with tangerine beards and lovely ruffling.
  • 'Impressionist' is a reblooming iris with two-toned pink and purple uprights and slightly ruffled falls of deep violet purple edged in pink and sporting a pink center bar.
  • 'Magical Encounter' blooms in pink and salmon-pink tones with bright salmon-pink beards. It has a good branching habit and provides lots of blooms.
  • 'Mega Bucks' puts on a dramatic show with a blend of bright gold uprights, fuschia-purple falls and orange beards and margins. Nicely branched stems.
  • 'Rip City' is long blooming with slightly ruffled uprights and falls of burgundy red.
  • 'Rosalie Figge' is a reblooming variety with ruffled falls and uprights in a deep, violet purple.
  • 'Saturday Night Live' has slightly wavy, velvety, ruby red flowers with yellow accents. Sturdy, well-branched stems.
  • 'Summer Oylmpics' is a rebloomer with sunny yellow and white uprights and falls.
  • 'Swingtown' has deep purple, strongly ruffled petals and bluish-purple beards.
  • 'Tennison Ridge' has reddish violet uprights and ruffled falls of pure white edged with same violet. Good branching habit means lots of blooms.
  • I. pumila 'What Again' is a miniature rebloomer with light lavender blue uprights and creamy yellow falls with violet beards. Like its cousin the German iris, plant in dry soil. 10" tall, Zone 4.


'Rosalie Figg'

Iris ensata (Japanese Iris)
The Japanese irises prefer moist soil and thrive at the edge of ponds. Irises come in many solid shades and unique combinations of colors. Their sword-shaped leaves provide strong architectural interest throughout the summer. Full sun to light shade, Zone 5.

  • 'Lion King' gets 7-8" ruffled, double petals of white with bright purple edges and a splash of yellow at the center. 3-4' tall.
  • 'Mt Fuji' has pure white petals with yellow throats over strappy green leaves. 32" tall.
  • 'Royal Robes' gets dark plum-purple flowers with blue, white and yellow flares.
  • 'Shogun' has large, royal red blooms with white and yellow accents. The blooms last for several weeks.

 
'Royal Robes'

 
'Sky Wings'

Iris pumila and siberica (Flag)
The remaining irises fall into several categories, including pumila and siberian. The Siberian irises will perform well in almost any soil, from dry to moist, but prefer loamy soils that are somewhat moist.

  • 'Butter and Sugar' gets lovely yellow and white flowers which add a bright spot to any garden. Frequently reblooms. 28" tall, Zone 4.
  • 'Sky Wings' has soft sky blue petals with a yellow blaze on the falls. 28" tall, Zone 3.
Kniphofia (Poker Plant)
Red Hot Pokers have vibrant spikes of red, orange and yellow and narrow bladed foliage. A favorite old-fashioned plant for the border or as a specimen, blooming in late summer. Drought tolerant. 3' tall in Zone 5. Plant in well-drained soil in full sun.

Lamiastrum (Yellow Archangel)
'Herman's Pride' is ground cover that grows quite vigorously in full to part shade. It has silvery leaves with green veining and bright yellow flowers which appear briefly in the spring. 18" tall in Zone 4.

Lamium (Nettle)
This is a quickly growing ground cover that is grown mainly for its variegated foliage, but it does have a lovely flower in mid spring. It is a vigorous grower, so choose its site carefully. Plant in loamy soil in part to full shade. 8" tall, Zone 4.

  • 'Beacon Silver' gets bright pink flowers with a long bloom time atop metallic silver leaves with green margins.
  • 'Purple Dragon' has silver foliage with green edges. The clusters of bright orchid purple blooms provide a nice contrast.
  • 'Shell Pink' has soft yellow flowers over green leaves that feature a white center bar.
  • 'White Nancy' has green leaves marked with a white center. White flowers appear in April.


'Beacon Silver'

 
'Purple Dragon'

 
alba



'Gold Heart'

Lamprocapnos (Bleeding Heart)
This bleeding heart was formally classified as Dicentra, but was reclassified as Lamprocapnos a couple years ago. This old-fashioned style bleeding heart has gracefully arching stems with heart-shaped blooms in the early spring. As the weather gets warmer, the foliage typically yellows and goes dormant. If you intend to add plants to the garden, be sure to mark their place so you don't damage the fragile roots. Plant in full to part shade in loamy soil. These make great woodland plants in your Zone 3 garden, where they will get about 30" tall.

  • Alba is the white version of spectabilis with pure white flowers with yellow accents.
  • 'Gold Heart' has bright yellow leaves with pink and white blooms.
  • Spectabilis has heart-shaped pink flowers with white accents.
  • 'Valentine'



spectabilis

Lavandula (Lavender)
Lavender is a fragrant herb used in potpourri and perfumes. The silver-grey foliage bears spikes of fragrant flowers. Good for cut flower posies or potpourrie. Lavender makes a great hedge around an herb garden and attracts butterflies. Cut back by 1/3 after flowering. Zone 5, planted in full sun in average garden soil. Lavender prefer little to no fertilizer.

  • 'Jean Davis' has soft pink flowers and grows to 3'.
  • 'Grosso' is a French lavender which is hybrid between true lavender and spike lavender. It is widely grown in Provence, France, for its floriferous nature and dark purple-blue flowers. 30" tall.
  • 'Munstead' is a true lavender with dark purple-blue flowers. 18" tall.
  • 'Violet Intrigue' has dark violet-blue flowers. 18" tall.


'Munstead'
'Alaska' 'Becky'

Leucanthemum (Shasta Daisy)
These cheerful, daisy-like flowers with yellow eyes make a great addition to the sunny border and are great as cut flowers. They are perfect summer flowers, long-blooming if kept deadheaded, plus they attract hummingbirds and butterflies. Plant in full sun to light shade in well-drained soil.

  • 'Alaska' has large 3" flowers so single white petals with yellow eyes. 24" tall.
  • 'Becky' also gets large 3-4" flowers of white with yellow eyes. 24" tall.
  • 'Crazy Daisy' is a fluffy, double-petaled daisy with a bright yellw center. Deadhead to prolong blooming into August. 28" tall.
  • 'Dwarf Snow Lady' is a compact grower at about 1' tall with 2-3" flowers of single white petals with yellow eyes.
  • 'Laspider' has so many petals, it almost looks like a pom-pom! Fluffy white petals with yellow eyes. This prolific bloomer can have as many as 100 blooms on a mature plant. Petite at only 12" tall, blooming in May and June.
  • 'Sante' is an anemone-like, double-flowered daisy with bright white petals and a warm yellow center. Long-blooming at 24" tall.
  • 'Snowcap' is the perfect daisy for smaller gardens at 15" tall. Single white petals and yellow eye.
  • 'Sonnenschein' (sunshine) has yellow petals to match its darker center. Some afternoon shade will help to preserve its lemon-yellow color. 36" tall.
'La Spider' 'Sonnenschein'

Lewisia (Bitterroot)
'Little Plum' is a good choice for rock gardens, containers or in wall crevices. It gets delicate, daisy-like blooms of purple-pink with orange highlights in late spring. Lewisias require very-well drained soil as they will rot if kept too wet. 6-10" tall in Zone 3.

 

Liatris (Gay Feather)
In the late summer,'Kobold' gets spikes of fluffy purple above the grass-like foliage. The flowers open from the top down. Gay Feather goes completely dormant in the fall so mark its location. Attracts butterflies. 12-18" tall in Zone 3.

 

Ligularia (Leopard Plant)
This is a large, exotic looking plant that needs space, shade and moist soil. They make a great large specimen plant when grown in a shade garden and love being sited next to ponds.

  • 'Midnight Lady' gets yellow, daisy-like flowers in the summer on stems that rise above the dark, bronze-green leaves. 3' tall and wide, Zone 5.
  • 'Othello' has daisy-like flowers of yellow in mid to late summer. The undersides of the large, heart-shaped leaves are slightly purple. 3' tall x 3' wide in Zone 3.

Lillium asiatic (Lily)
There is a huge variety of Asiatic and Oriental lilies to chose from. In general, they need well-drained soil to prevent rotting and prefer a bit of organic matter and a bit of shade for their roots. Many varieties can be grown as container plants in large pots. They are great for mixed borders and beds and come in heights of foot-sized dwarfs to over 8 feet. The flowers range in size from 1 inch to almost 1 foot across, with most varieties about 6-8 inches. Stake taller varieties, dead-head spent blooms and cut back to the ground at the end of their growing season. Lilies are excellent as cut flowers, they are very fragrant and they attracs butterflies. Grow in full sun to part shade, Zone 4.

  • 'Matrix' is a compact bloomer of brilliant red with orange center markings. 18" tall.
  • 'Mount Dragon' is an early blooming dwarf with scarlet red flowers that have a slightly darker center. They are very floriferous and are great for pots. 14" tall.
  • 'Orange Pixie' is a member of the dwarf Pixie family which blooms in June. It has vibrant orange, upward facing flowers. Nice for the front of the border or in pots. 12" tall.
  • 'Petite Brigette' has pure yellow blooms that are great for containers or front of the border. 18" tall.
  • 'Push Off' is part of Tango series. It has white flowers with so much dark burgundy blotching that the white appears only on the tips of the petals. 14" tall.
  • 'Tiny Ghost' is a compact lilywith raspberry red flowers. Bred for more blooms, improved color and stronger stems. 18-24".
  • 'Tiny Skyline' is an upward facing lily of orange with tiny purple spots. Nice for containers. 14" tall.

Lillium orientalis (Lily)
There is a huge variety of Asiatic and Oriental lilies to chose from. In general, they need well-drained soil to prevent rotting and prefer a bit of organic matter and a bit of shade for their roots. Many varieties can be grown as container plants in large pots. They are great for mixed borders and beds and come in heights of foot-sized dwarfs to over 8 feet. The flowers range in size from 1 inch to almost 1 foot across, with most varieties about 6-8 inches. Stake taller varieties, dead-head spent blooms and cut back to the ground at the end of their growing season. Lilies are excellent as cut flowers, they are very fragrant and they attracs butterflies. Grow in full sun to part shade, Zone 4.

  • 'Cobra' is a gorgeous deep red with thin white edges. It is one of the darkest reds available. 3' tall.
  • 'Stargazer' is perhaps the best known,most popular of the Oriental lilies. It is an upward facing pink flower with a red center bar, pink spots and narrow white edges. 3' tall.
  • 'Sunny Bonaire' is a dwarf Oriental lily with wavy edged petals of pale pink with a white center. They are very fragrant. 16-20" tall.
asiatic 'Petite Brigette' asiatic 'Push Off' asiatic 'Tiny Ghost' orientalis 'Stargazer'
Variegated

Liriope (Lily Turf)
Liriope is a low-growing, grass-like plant that makes a nice, low maintenance substitute for grass. Its summer blooms look like a grape hyacinth. Great for edging, under trees or to fill in large areas. Cut back once in late winter. It's as happy in full sun as it is in full shade, and excels in average garden soil. 12-18" tall in Zone 6.

  • Green liriope spreads at an average rate by underground rhizomes.
  • 'Silver Dragon' is a white and green variegated liriope that spreads by rhizomes.
  • Variegated liriope, with strappy leaves of green and bright yellow tends to stay in a slowly expanding clump.
 Lobelia (Cardinal Flower)
Cardinal Flower is an upright plant with red blooms. It's tubular flowers are perfect for attracting hummingbirds and butterflies. Additionally, it is quite content to sit in moist or boggy areas. Plant in light shade in Zone 4. 3-4' tall.

Lonicera (Honeysuckle)
The familiar wild honeysuckle of yellow is cousin to the cultivated varieties commonly found in garden centers. These too are very fragrant, tubular flowers which are irresistable to hummingbirds. Plant in full sun to part shade, providing some support for the vine to grow on. 10-20' in Zone 5.

  • 'Goldflame' has purple to deep pink buds that open to golden yellow with a bright pink outside.

Lupinus (Lupine)
Lupines are short-lived perennials that comes in many different bright colors. The deeply lobed cupped leaves hold drops of water that glisten in the sun. Lupins have large spikes of snapdragon-like flowers and will tolerate some moist soil. Plant in loamy soil in full sun to light shade. Zone 4.

  • 'Gallery Blue' is a compact variety in violet-blue and white, growing to about 2' tall.
  • 'Gallery Pink' has strawberry pink and white blooms on a compact plant that gets 2' tall.
  • 'Gallery Red' is the last in the Gallery series with rosy red bloooms that have white accents. 2' tall.
Lupine leaf
'Gallery Red'


    'Gardener's World'

Lychnis (Maltese Cross)
Also known as campion, this is a border plant with wiry stems and notched leaves. The flower heads attract butterflies and are good for cutting. They begin blooming in the summer and continue til fall when planted in full sun to light shade. Deer resistant. Zone 4.

  • 'Gardener's World' is a rather unique lychnis with double, dark red flowers that resemble little carnations. The wooly silver-blue stems have silvery blue leaves. 24" tall.
  • 'Molten Lava' has bronze-tinged leaveswith scarlet-orange flowers. This one is great for hot, sunny borders and rock gardens. Deadhead to encourage more buds. 10" tall.
Matteuccia (Fern)
The Ostrich fern is a tall, vase-shaped, deciduous perennial with gracefully arching fronds. It spreads by underground runners, making it a good choice for naturalizing shady areas. It will tolerate some sun, but prefers mostly shade, especially in the afternoon. It can reach heights of 4' tall when planted in humus-rich soil. Zone 3.
 
'Gardenview Scarlet' 'Marshall's Delight'

Monarda (Bee Balm)
These butterfly and hummingbird attracting plants are also closely related to bergamot, the herb that flavors Earl Grey tea. They produce fragrant whorls of tubular flowers and the leaves make wonderful additions to lemonades and teas. This is a vigorous grower that spreads by runners. If you would like to add a bee balm to your garden while controlling its spread, plant it in a large plastic nursery pot that has been sunk into the ground. Make sure there are plenty of drainage holes in the bottom of the pot - or cut the bottom off - and leave an inch or two of the pot rim sticking up above the soil level. You will need to take it out every couple of years and divide it. Plant in full sun in average garden soil. Bee balms are deer resistant. Zone 4.

  • 'Gardenview Scarlet' has an abundance of heavy red flowers on 3' tall plants.
  • 'Jacob Cline' has globe-shaped whorls of red flowers. 4' tall.
  • 'Marshall's Delight' blooms are a bright, hot pink. 3' tall.
  • 'Petite Delight' is a compact bee balm with full, lavender-pink flowers. Only 18" tall.
  • 'Raspberry Wine' has vivid pink flowers with mint-scented leaves, growing to about 30" tall.
'Raspberry Wine'
Nepeta (Catmint)
A popular groundcover plant with purple flower spikes, catmint makes an excellent companion plant under roses. Deadhead spent blooms to extend flowering and cut back in late summer to encourage a new flush of foliage. Plant in well-drained soil in full sun to part shade. 1-2' tall, Zone 3.

 
'Pink Petticoat'

 Oenethera (Primrose)
The large, cup-shaped flowers look somewhat like poppies. A North American native, they are good for rock gardens or massed on a bank. Some varieties grow aggressively, so choose your planting site carefully. They will bloom from mid to late summer in well-drained, sandy soil in full sun to part shade.

  • fruticosa youngii is an upright primrose with bright yellow flowers. The leaves turn bright red in the fall. Divide every 3 years to encourage flowering. 1-2' tall.
  • macrocarpa missouriensis (the Missouri primrose) is a native wildflower with 4" yellow flowers that open each afternoon and close up the following morning. Long-bloooming and long-lived. These cascade nicely over rocks and retaining walls. 10" tall.
  • 'Siskiyou' has large pink flowers with white throat markings and a yellow eye. 10" tall.
 Pacysandra (Japanese Spurge)
Available in green or variegated green and white, Japanese spurge is grown mainly for its foliage. It prefers shade which makes it an excellent choice for under trees. Plant in Zone 4 in full shade to dappled sun. Grows to 10-12” and gets tiny white blooms in the summer.
 

Paeonia (Bush Peony)
Peonies are stars of the early summer border with their huge, colorful blooms. Don’t plant them too deeply or they won’t flower - the crown should be no more than 1” below the ground. They do not like to be disturbed and may take several years to reach mature flowering age. Support the huge flower heads to keep them from falling to the ground. And don’t worry about ants appearing on your peonies - they are actually beneficial. Zone 3 plants grow to 3' tall in well-drained soil in light shade to full sun.

  • 'Benjamin Franklin' is a double-petaled red, mid-season bloomer.
  • 'Duchess de Nemours' has double, fragrant, milky white blooms with a yellow center blush.
  • 'Fleming' has lovely pink flowers with double petals.
  • 'Kansas' blooms are a carmine-red, rose-type flower with double petals. This is a mid to late spring bloomer.
  • 'Rosea Plena' has double, rose-pink flowers. It blooms earlier than other peonies, usually around Memorial Day, thus earning its name as the Memorial Day Peony.
  • 'Rubra Plena' is a Memorial Day Peony with rosy red blooms. It is an historic peony that was often planted on the graves of Civil War veterans.
  • 'Shirley Temple' has white flowers blushed with pale pink.
  • 'Sorbet' is a huge-flower peony with blooms of soft pink and cream. It is very fragrant.
'Fleming' 'Kansas'

 
'Taiyo'

Paeonia (Tree Peony)
Tree peonies develop into large woody shrubs with branching stems. They will get up to 5' tall in Zone 4, blooming in mid summer in full sun to part shade.

  • 'High Noon' has soft yellow, double petals with darker center markings.
  • 'Houki' has large, double petaled dark red flowers highlighted with a bright yellow eye.
  • 'Kinshi' is a tree peony which gets huge, golden yellow flowers with darker markings in the center.
  • 'Shimadaijin' gets large, double deep purple flowers with yellow centers.
  • 'Taiyo' has brilliant scarlet blooms with yellow stamins. Its name means The Sun.
  • 'Yachiyotsubaki' blooms with large, double flowers of soft pink and yellow stamins.

Papaver (Poppy)
Oriental poppies have large, showy flowers in vivid colors with dark eyes. The ruffled, papery, cupped flower heads appear above serrated foliage and attract butterflies. They bloom in mid spring with flowers rising above the foliage on dainty stems up to 3' long. Zone 3 in full sun to light shade. Be sure to plant in well-drained soil - cold, wet winter soil will cause them to rot.

  • 'Helen Elizabeth' has salmon-pink petals and black eyes.
  • 'Turkenlouise' blooms with fiery red, fringed petals and black eyes.
'Cassian Dwarf'

 Pennisetum
Pennisetum is a genus of grasses and include many annuad and perennial varieties for our area. Red Fountain grass is a pennisetum but, unfortunately, is not perennial in our Zone 6. We have this grass available in the spring as a summer annual. Perennial varieties are easy to care for: simply cut back to the ground in late winter or early spring before the new growth appears.

  • 'Cassian Dwarf' grows to 3' tall and has nice orange and red fall color.
  • 'Hameln' is an older cultivar that stays relatively short at about 2' tall. It forms nice, grassy clumps with fuzzy mauve and cream seed heads in the late summer.
  • 'Karley Rose' has gracefully arching foliage and attractive rosy-purple plumes from early summer til frost. Looks great planted en masse, grows to 4' tall.
'Pretty Petticoats'

Penstemon (Beardtongue)
Penstemon have tall spikes of long-blooming tubular flowers that attract bees, butterflies and hummingbirds. Deadheading will encourage continued flushes of blooms. Zone 3 in full sun to part shade, but do not plant in soil the stays wet over the winter as this will cause the plant to rot.

  • 'Husker's Red' is an excellent and under-used perennial with deep purple-bronze foliage and upright, branching stems with panicles of nodding white flowers that can reach 30" tall. It is somewhat evergreen evergreen and produces great cut flowers. Blooms in June. This was the 1996 Perennial of the Year.
  • 'Prairie Twilight' gets vibrant purplish-pink flowers with white tips and throats. A dense, heavy bloomer that will reach 30" tall in late spring.
  • 'Pretty Petticoats' has rich purple flowers with white throats. Cut back in early spring. 20" tall.
  • 'Red Rocks' has multi-colored pink raspberry flowers all along the 20" stems. The narrow leaves form an attractive mound. It will bloom all summer if kept deadheaded.
'Red Rocks'
Perovskia (Russian Sage)
A 3-4' tall plant for the back of a border, Russian sage has silvery-grey foliage and lavender-blue flower spikes. It is extremely drought tolerant and attracts butterflies. It will bloom in mid summer through early fall in Zone 4. Plant in full sun to part shade.

Phlox (Phlox)

There are two types of perennial phlox found in garden centers: the tall garden phlox used in borders and creeping phlox that forms mats of color along the front of beds and borders. Both are prolific bloomers. Creeping phlox blooms in the spring and many gardeners have beds that form eye-catching carpets of color on banks. Newer varieties of garden phlox bloom most of the summer and are more mildew-resistant. Garden phlox may be cut back by several inches in early summer for shorter, bushier plants. The blooms may be a bit smaller, but there will be more flower heads per plant. Cut back spent blooms and garden phlox frequently have a second, small flush of bloom. The 5-petaled flowers are fragrant and butterfly friendly. Dame’s rocket is the 4-petaled cousin seen growing wild along the roadside. They prefer full sun and well-drained soil. Zone 4.

Garden Phlox:

  • 'David' is a very fragrant, pure white garden phlox with a long bloom time. 2002 Perennial of the Year winner. Zone 4.
  • 'Laura' has 12" flower heads in deep fuschia-purple with a white eye. They are very fragrant and bloom all summer. 20-28" tall.
  • 'Nicky' gets large flower heads of vibrant, violet-purple. Nicely fragrant. 3-4' tall.
  • 'Red Magic' is a slight shorter phlox which makes it a good choice for middle of the border plantings. It is mildew resistant and gets dark rosy-red flowers.

Creeping Phlox, 4-5" tall:

  • 'Amazing Grace' is a new and unusual variety of creeping phlox with pure white petals and a tiny magenta eye.
  • 'Candy Stripe' has interesting white and pink striped petals.
  • 'Emerald' is a mat-forming phlox with blue-purple flowers in the spring.
  • 'Fort Hill' blooms in the spring with lilac and white flowers and a tiny dark purple eye.
  • 'Red Wing' has bright, reddish-pink flowers.
  • 'Scarlet Flame' has very dark reddish-pink flowers.
Phlox 'Amazing Grace' Phlox 'David'

 

Platycodon

 Platycodon (Balloon Flower)
The angular, balloon-like buds on this plant open to saucer-shaped flowers. Choose from short or taller varieties. Easy to grow, but mark the location of this plant as it goes completely dormant until late spring. The bloom in early to late summer. Removing spent flowers encourages all-summer blooming. Zone 4 in full sun to light shade. Well-drained soil.

  • 'Astra Pink' has soft, baby-pink flowers with a darker center. 10" tall.
  • 'Balloom White' has pure white flowers.
  • 'Sentimental Blue' grows to 6" tall and sports bluish-purple flowers.

Polemonium (Jacob's Ladder)
Delicate and beautiful foliage with sprays of lavender-blue flowers in late spring. Dead-heading prolongs bloom period, but it is grown mainly for its foliage. Good woodland plant. Humus-rich, moist soil in part shade to dappled sun. Zone 4.

  • 'Heavenly Habit' gets lavender-blue flowers on soft green foliage. 15-24"

Polygonatum (Solomon's Seal)
Solomon’s seal, an excellent woodland plant, has arching stems of leaves with yellow or white flowers. It will tolerate heavy shade and likes to have humus-rich soil. 18-24" in moist soil. Full to part shade, Zone 4.

Polygonum (Silverlace Vine)
This is a very fast growing vine sometimes called ‘Mile-a-Minute’ vine. It will quickly climb its support for a heavy display of fleecy, white flowers that bloom all summer. Fragrant and attracts butterflies. Cut back in fall. Zone 4, 10-40’ tall.

Pulsatilla 'Rote Glocke' rubra
 Pulsatilla (Pasque Flower)
Buds covered with silky fuzz emerge in the spring to open to starry, cup-shaped flowers with yellow eyes. The soft, ferny foliage follows. Good for rock gardens or naturalizing. Varieties include 'Rote Glocke and'rubra. 6-10" tall in Zone 5. Plant in well-drained soil in part shade to full sun

Rudbeckia (Black-eyed Susan)
A garden staple for late summer color, black-eyed Susans are long blooming and easy to grow. A North American native that attracts birds and butterflies and is great for massing or in prairie gardens. The seed heads attract birds over the winter. Good as a cut flower. Zone 3, full sun to light shade. Grows happily in average garden soil.

  • fulgida has slightly smaller flowers than Goldstrum, but has an extremely long bloom time, from July to October. 1-4' tall.
  • 'Goldstrum' has vibrant golden-yellow flowers on plants that get up to 4' tall.
  • 'Viette's Little Suzy' is good for the front of a border as it gets only 12" tall. Bright golden yellow flowers with dark cones.
Rudbeckia 'Goldstrum'
Salvia May Night' Salvia 'Roswein'

 Salvia (Meadow Sage)
The tubular flowers of salvia appear on slender spikes and attract hummingbirds, bees and butterflies. The foliage is green to grey-green and similar to the sage from the herb garden. They are suitable for cut flowers, very easy to grow and are perfect in borders and rock gardens that get some sun, or as a massed plant in a large bed. They are long blooming and you can trim back the spent flowers to get a second, smaller flush. of flowers. Plant in full sun to part shade in Zone 3. Average garden soil; drought tolerant.

  • 'Caradonna' is long-lasting and reblooms if deadheaded. Violet-purple flowers on dark purple stems. 24-30" tall.
  • 'Marcus' is great for the front or middle of a sunny border as it gets only about 12" tall. Dark-purple blooms begin showing in June and continue through October.
  • 'May Night' has deep purple flowers. 1997 Perennial of the Year. 18" tall.
  • 'Purple Rain' is an abundantly flowering cultivar with smoky-purple flowers. 20" tall.
  • 'Rosenwein', or rose wine, has rosy-pink to rosy-red flower spikes. 18" tall.
  • 'Snow Hill' is a compact-growing salvia with pure white flower spikes. Lovely planted en masse. 20" tall.

Scabiosa (Pincushion Flower)
This butterfly-friendly plant has blooms almost all summer long. The wiry stems and silvery-green foliage are prone to powdery mildew, so plant in dry conditions. Zone 4; plant in full sun to light shade in well-drained soil.

  • 'Butterfly Blue' is long-blooming with bluish-purple flowers. 2000 Perennial of the Year. 15" tall.
  • 'Pink Mist' has soft pink flowers. 15" tall.
Scabiosa 'Butterfly Blue'

 

'Tricolor'

Sedum (Sedum; Rock Rose)
Sedum is a huge genus of fleshy-leaved plants. There are low-growing, rapidly spreading varieties and tall, clumping varieties and just about everything in between. Some get star-shaped flowers, usually yellow, in the spring; others have large clustered heads that appear in the fall in shades of pink. Foliage can range from variegated green & white to bluish-green to purplish-bronze. From the hundreds of choices, there is sure to be one that fits your sunny locale. They are perfect for rock gardens and spots that get almost no water. They attract butterflies and many provide nice winter interest. Plant in well-drained soil in full sun to part shade. Zone 3.

  • 'Autumn Joy' has gorgeous flower heads of pinkish-coral in August, maturing to a rusty bronze through autumn. Good winter interest. A tall growing sedum at 24".
  • 'Dazzleberry' has a ground-hugging habit with bright fuschia-pink flowers that last for 7 weeks in the late summer through fall. 8" tall.
  • 'Dragon's Blood' is a fast-growing groundcover with brilliant red flowers in late summer. The more sun the burgandy foliage gets, the more intense both the flowers and foliage get. Great for rock gardens and container planting. 8" tall.
  • 'Elsie's Gold' has green leaves edges with golden yellow. In the fall, the flower heads open to a soft pink and age to a deep rosy shade. 30" tall.
  • 'Kamptschaticum' is a low-growing sedum with dense green, scalloped leaves and yellow flowers in the summer. 6" tall.
  • 'Neon' is an upright clumping sedum with large, rounded heads of deep rose-pink flowers in the late summer.
  • 'Sieboldi' is a low-growing compact form with stems of thick blue-green leaves tinged with pink near the edges. Bright pink flowers appear mid-summer and turn coppery-red for foll. The foliage turns pinkish in the fall. 8" tall.
  • 'Tricolor' has a creeping habit making it excellent for a groundcover. The green, pink and white leaves get soft pink flowers in the summer. If any shoots revert to all green, they should be pruned out. 4-5" tall.
  • 'Vera Jameson' ia a medium height sedum with dark purple-blue foliage turning reddish-bronze in the fall. The arching stems has dusty pink flowers in mid summer.
  • 'Voodoo' is an easy-to-grow groundcover with reddish-burgandy foliage and rosy-red flowers. Pinch back occasionally to form a dense mat. 4-6" tall with an 18" spread. Blooms June-August.

Sempervivum (Hens & Chicks)
These are succulents with thick-fleshed leaves that grow in a rosette. Hens & Chicks, also sometimes called Cats & Kittens, will grow in almost no soil and spread by forming baby plants on stems that grow out from the parent plant. They do get a nice yellow flower, but are really grown for their foliage. Lovely in strawberry pots or in rock gardens.Zone 5. Plant in full sun to light shade in well-drained soil Will tolerate dry, sandy conditions.

  • 'Commander Hay' gets clumps of deep red rosettes edged with green. Short spikes of pale rosy flowers appear in the summer. 4" tall.
  • 'Kalinda' has large leaves of light green to tawny tones with coral-red tips. 8" tall.
  • 'Red Cobweb' has red, tightly growing rosettes with very fine webbing that looks like cobwebs. 4" tall.
 
 Stachys (Lamb's Ear)
The wooly, silver foliage is hard to resist touching, so lamb’s ear makes an excellent addition to a child’s garden. Silvery-white flowers appear on some varieties; others have no flowers. Good for dry conditions. Spreads by underground runners. 6-8" tall, Zone 4. Plant in full sun to light shade.

Stokesia (Stoke's Aster)
This compact flower has interesting fringed petals and is drought tolerant once established. Zone 4, 15" tall.

  • 'Peachie's Pick' is not peach as the name might imply, but rather a lovely violet-blue. Fringed petals with a fluffy white center appear in summer.
Teucrium (Germander)
Germander is an evergreen to semigreen shrub-like perennial that is often used as a hedging plant in herb gardens. There is a small, round leaf variety and a larger leafed, taller variety suitable for borders. Zone 5, 1-3’ tall. Blooms in summer in well-drained soil in full sun.

Tradescantia (Spiderwort)
Spiderworts have 3-petaled flowers on narrow, grass-like leaves. The flowers tend to close during the hottest part of the day. Trim back in late summer to renew lanky plants. Zone 4, 2-3' tall. Blooms summer to autumn in full sun to shade. Grows happily in average garden soil.

  • 'Concord Grape' has rich purple flowers.
  • 'Osprey' has white flowers with powder-blue centers.
  • 'Snowcap' has pure with white flowers.
  • 'Zwanenbury' has large violet-purple flowers.

 
'Concord Grape'


'Osprey'

Tricyrtus (Toad Lily)
Toad lily is an exotic looking fall bloomer with spotted, orchid-like flowers that appear all along its arching stems. Protect from the wind and provide it with dry conditions. Great for woodland gardens and under trees. Plant in humus rich soil in part to full shade. Zone 5.

  • 'Blue Wonder' has creamy white and powder-blue speckled flowers. Blue-purple blotching and purple anthers add to their exotic look.
  • formosa has white flowers with rosy-purple spots.

Trollius (Globe Flower)
These buttercup looking flowers appear in the early summer on Trollius. The bright flowers on deeply lobed leaves like plenty of organic matter in their soil and make good cut flowers. Part shade to full sun in Zone 5.

  • 'Golden Queen' has bright golden orange flowers.

Verbascum (Mullein)
The yellow roadside plant with fuzzy leaves is now found in garden centers in pink, salmon and sherbet-colored varieties. Remove spent blooms before they go to seed to extend the life of the plant. They don’t like moist soil. Blooms on 18" plants in full sun, Zone 6.

  • 'Blue Pixie' flowers with fragrant, bluish-purple blooms.
  • 'Jackie' has pale cantaloupe-colored flowers with a touch of pink blush.
  • 'Temptress Purple' has dark violet blooms.
Veronica 'Fairy Tale' 'Giles van Hees'

Veronica (Speedwell)
The speedwells are a large genus of plants similar to Salvia. The green foliage grows close to the ground with the spikes of flowers rising above. They are long blooming and butterflies love the blooms. Deadheading will encourage repeat blooming. A notable exception to the typical spike-type Veronica is the mat-forming variety ‘Georgia Blue’ which gets only 6” tall. Plant in full sun to part shade in Zone 3.

  • 'Fairytale' has a compact and bushy habit with foliage all alont the stem and silvery-pink flowers with darker anthers.
  • 'Georgia Blue' is a low-growing, mat forming veronica with single, blue flowers with white eyes. Green to reddish-purple foliage grows only 6" tall.
  • 'Giles van Hees' is a low-growing veronica at only 8" tall. It gets spikes of reddish-pink flowers. Makes a nice border for the front of a garden.
  • 'Goodness Grows' is a medium height plant with spike of dark blue flowers. 12" tall.
  • 'Pink Panther' has long, lovely spikes of soft pink. 22" tall.
  • 'Royal Candles' is a low-maintenance plant with dark violet-purple flower spikes. 15" tall.
  • 'Red Fox' has rosy-red flowers, growing to about 15" tall.
  • 'Sightseeing' is a mixed variety of tall purple, pink and white spikes. Easy to grow. 22" tall.
  • 'Sunny Border Blue' has glossy green, crinkled foliage with violet-blue spikes. 1993 Perennial of the Year. 18" tall.
  • 'Twilight' is another of the taller veronicas, growing 22" tall. Light violet-blue flowers on long, graceful spikes.
'Pink Panther' 'Red Fox' 'Royal Candle' 'Sunny Border Blue'
Vinca Minor (Periwinkle)
The common periwinkle is a fast growing groundcover with tiny, dark green leaves and soft blue flowers that bloom repeatedly through the summer with the largest flush in the spring. It’s great for filling in under shrubs and trees. Zone 3,4-6” tall. Blooms spring through fall in full sun to full shade

Wisteria (Wisteria)
Wisteria is a fast growing vine with pendulous clusters of purple or white flowers. Wisteria buds form near the base of the previous year’s growth, so prune back leader shoots (from the previous summer) to 1/2 to 2/3 their length and cut side shoots to only 1-2” in length. It can 10 years for a wisteria to mature enough to put on bloom. Plant in full sun to part shade. Zone 4.